Pull-out: Students are pulled out of mainstream courses by an ESOL teacher for a period of ESOL
Plug-in: An ESOL teacher goes into a classroom for a short time to work exclusively with language learners
Team Teaching/ Inclusion: An ESOL teacher co-plans and co-delivers instruction with a mainstream teacher.
Dual Immersion: Students receive equal amounts of instruction in both the first and second langauge.
The goal is to develop both languages.
Transitional: Beginning level students receive more instruction in the first langauge while learning
the basics of the second langauge. Gradually, more second langauge instruction is introduced and first langauge instruction
is phased out.
Content-Based Instruction: Classes of all language learners learn English using
material from core content areas. The focus is on learning langauge.
Sheltered Instruction: Classes of all language learners learn content together within an ESOL friendly
context. The focus is on learning content.