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BICS and CALP
Home
Standards
Program Types
CALLA
Methods
Cooperative Learning
Content Based Learning
Thematic Instruction
Learning Strategy Instruction

These ideas were developed by a man of Jim Cummins.
 
BICS: Basic Interpersonal Communication Skills - the basic langauge ability required for face-to face communication (context embedded) These skills can be gained in only 1 to 2 years.
 
CALP: Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency - the language required for academic acheivement (context reduced) For these skills you need an additional 3 to 5 years of time. That is as total of 5 to 8 years of language study.